Monday, September 30, 2019

(Intermediate) Haggling scene (Monty Python)


The weird ritual of street market negotiation...

Watch:

Haggling scene

Brian is desperately trying to escape the Roman soldiers. He tries to purchase a disguise in a hurry. 

Who says it? Write B for Brian and S for Seller 

How much? Quick!” 
It’s for the wife 
There you are 
Wait a minute 
Do we have to? 
Now look 
Come one do it properly!” 
“Oh dear oh dear 
That’s more like it!” 
Now you’re getting it 
Did I hear you right? 
You want to ruin me? 
Are you joking!? 
My last word 
Nice to do business with you 
That’s fine that’s fine 
“You must be mad!” 

Sunday, September 29, 2019

(Any level) Sign of the Times


Andres Serrano purchased 200 signs from homeless people in New York City. The collection tells the story of poverty in America and the world.

Watch video:

Sign of the Times


Verb forms - chose the best one - or both, if both are possible....

Sign of the Times was conceived in early October when I started seeing / to see what I perceived as a greater number of homeless people in New York City. As a native New Yorker, it surprised me because I had / have never seen so many people beg / begging and sleep / sleeping on the streets. It occurred to me to start buying / to buy the signs that the homeless use to ask for money.

I immersed myself in the project, going out almost on a daily basis and walking five, six, seven hours a day. Once, I even walked 12 hours around the city – uptown to Harlem, East and West, downtown to Battery Park and back home to the East Village. I never took transportation anywhere because I felt that since the homeless live on the streets, I had to walk the streets like they do. After a while, a few said me / to me, "I've heard of you. You're the guy going around to buy / buying signs. I was wondering if you were ever going to find me." I bought about 200 signs and usually offered $20 which they were happy, even ecstatic, to get / getting. (Once, though, I saw a sign that said, "Just need $10". So I said to the guy, "I'll give you $10 for it" and he said, "You got it. I guess the sign did its job!")

What struck me about the people who sold me their signs was their willingness to let go /  going of them. It was as if they had little attachment to them even though some signs had been with them for a long time. Of course, they needed the money. Many people would tell me they made / had made nothing that day. But I also think that those who possess little have less attachment to material things. They know what it's like to live with less.

I had a certain way of approaching people. Whenever I saw anyone sit / sitting on the street with a sign I wanted, I would crouch down, but not sit down. To sit down next to them would be like to sit / sitting on their couch without to ask / asking permission. But by crouching down, I could look them in the eye and be / being on the same level. Then I would say, "Can I ask you a question?"

They always said yes and I'd say, "I'm an artist. And artists see things in a different way. And one of the things I see are the signs the homeless have / has. I'm buying these signs because I see /  am seeing every sign as a story. There are many stories out here that should be heard. Can I offer / to offer you $20 for your sign?" They would all say yes, and it was touching / touched me how grateful many people were when I bought their sign. I had got / got several hugs and many a "God bless you."

I bought signs from people of all ages, including some who were my age. I remember to buy /  buying a sign from a man in his 60s who was sitting / sat outside the McDonald's around 10pm. He looked at me as if I was an angel from heaven. He had pennies in his cup and couldn't believe I wanted / had wanted to give him $20 for his sign. He said, "Now, I can get a bed and a meal."

The youngest person I bought a sign from was probably 16. I forgot asking / to ask her age, but she could have been even younger. Her sign read:


Mom had told / told us to wait right here. That was 10 years ago.

Read more and check here:

Andres Serrano

(Intermediate) The Basic Income





Lead in

1. Do you agree that the world is the common property of us all?

2. How many street beggars or homeless people do you encounter each day here in Auckland?

3. What would happen if we just started giving these people $2000 a month to cover their basic needs?

4. What if we just gave everyone $2000 a month?





Think of the three objections to the basic income

-

-

-





Basic vocab (Quizlet)



Watch:

The Basic Income




1. Which thinkers have advocated for the idea of a basic income?

2. What is the difference between a basic income and social security?

3. Why were the homeless men in London costing so much?

4.What was so surprising about what the men did with the money?

5. What are governments obsessed with today? Why?

6. What are the three objections to the Basic Income?

-

-

-

7. Why do some people work harder when they have a basic income?

8. Why did Nixon’s idea get rejected?


Further vocab quiz
____


Annual NZ Social Welfare budget: $36 billion 

Cost of "full UBI" NZers above 18: $39 billion 



Monday, September 23, 2019

(Upper-Int Grammar speaking practice) Modals of Deduction / Speculation



Get into pairs or a small group and discuss the following series of pictures:

Use these modal auxiliary verb phrases

For present circumstances

has to be (inf verb)
must be
may be
might be
could be

For past circumstances

Must have been (pp verb)
Can't have been
May have been
Might / could have been

Also make other comments using modals:

What advice would you offer the person in the photograph? (would, should, ought to, could)
What should they / what should they not have done? (should, should (n't) have)
What do you predict will happen next? (will, may, might, could, should)
What would you do in this situation? (would (n't))

Link to images:

Modals of Deduction

(Conversation) Generalisations and stereotypes


Aims:

Discuss stereotypes and where they come from.

Watch and discuss video clips which confront stereotypes.

Practice using adverbs of frequency.



National Stereotypes 1

Fill in the gaps:

1. Italian people eat ____ ever day
2. The best machines come from _____
3. ______ people are very serious
4. The ______ are the most romantic people
5. _______ like eating hamburgers

6. _______ see kangaroos every day
7. ______ are very spiritual people.
8. ______ are obsessed with rugby.
9. ______ like to party all the time.
10. ______ spend a lot of time surfing. 

What informed your choices? Are they based on real experience?


Do you know about Trump's tweet on Elijah Cummings

Image result for trump elijah cummings tweet  rat infested




Image result for trump elijah cummings tweet  rat infested


How do you think people in Baltimore feel about Trump's comments?

Reaction from Baltimore citizens



Continental stereotypes


What comes to mind when you think of Africa?

P

H

W



Image result for black panther

Did you watch the film Black Panther?

How did this film try to change the stereotypical view of Africans?




Image result for africa



Pre-learn language:


1. What do the following figures refer to?

1.1 billion
54
2000
22
9
4/10
1 in 3
2%
52 billion
43 billion
7
64%
29%

Watch:

Reality Check


What is your reaction?
Did the video challenge your preconceptions about Africa?

2. How would you describe the presenter's attitude?

a) sarcastic
b) angry
c) diplomatic

What ways of using language reflect his attitude?

3. Language - what do the words in italics mean?


1. Conjures up lazy images

a) brings to mind
b) gets rid of
c) records

2. western handouts

a) money
b) loans
c) aid

3. How about the plight of poor African women?

a) suffering
b) deaths
c) health

4. The highest proportion of female parliamentarians in the world.

a) number
b) number compared with other countries
c) number compared with males

5. It's important that we focus only on the doom and gloom cross the continent.

a) wars
b) constructive work
c) despair




Watch: 

I don't need subtitles

Discuss the video - what is the video's message? 

How would Middle-Eastern, Muslim, Arabic people feel about this video?



National stereotypes 2


What do people think of when they think of your country? 


What do people actually say?


What would you like people to ask you about?


What do you feel is really positive about your country?


What do you feel is negative?






Grammar: Generalising and using adverbs of frequency


Look at this sentence:


In New Zealand we don't often show real emotion in public. But sometimes we do - like after the Mosque attacks.


Which words could we have used instead of often and sometimes"





·       always 
·       almost always 
·       usually/ generally/ most of the time/ normally/ 
·       often 
·       fairly often 
·       sometimes 
.    no so often
·       occasionally / once in a while 
.   very rarely
.   never ever

These words are called adverbs of frequency


Think up a sentence for four of these about people in your city or people in your country:

Think about these things:

swearing
allowing you into their house
getting drunk
shouting in the street
dropping litter
crying in public
talking about art
talking about politics
spending the whole day indoors
complaining about their parents
complaining about the boss
going skinny dipping
haggle over prices
trusting strangers

E.g. 

People in my country almost always trust strangers. 

Aucklanders almost never spend the whole day indoors.


Question formation:
Jumble Kahoot - questions




Advertising









White washing




Discuss the complexities of this advertisement.



"Smack and Cheese"


Burgerfuel Narcos spoof



BurgerFuel's latest campaign has come under fire from members of the Latin American community who say the advertising perpetuates negative stereotypes and capitalises on the drug war.
Advertising for the new Smack and Cheese burger plays on the word "smack" - slang for heroin or cocaine. It is themed around Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar, the drug war and drug smuggling in South America.
A video advertising the burger is filmed in Spanish and features a Pablo Escobar-like character threatening and bribing soldiers as he attempts to smuggle "smack", which turns out to be macaroni, through the countryside.

Green Party candidate, Ricardo Menendez March, said he was concerned the campaign perpetuated negative stereotypes about the Latin American community, particularly that they are drug dealers.
"Latin Americans across the world already have to deal with commentary around the drug war and for many Latin Americans who come from violent areas, the drug war is quite close to us," he said.
"Some of us have friends and family members and acquaintances who have died as a result, and so to have to put up with those stereotypes can be really demoralising."
Following the election of US President Donald Trump - fuelled by anti-immigration sentiment, particularly targeting the Latin American and Muslim communities - such advertising could normalise some of the negative stereotypes the campaign was built on, Menendez March said.
"The Latin American community is rich in diversity and has a plurality of voices. Companies should not be exploiting narrow stereotypes for profit's sake."
BurgerFuel is yet to respond to repeated requests for comment.
Lorena Cuervo has been in New Zealand for two years and says since arriving she has been typecast when mentioning she is from Colombia.
"The following sentence is always related to cocaine: 'good stuff', 'oh! Yes, Pablo Escobar', 'did you bring some stuff to New Zealand?'," she said.
"I don't know why people think that it's funny, or even friendly, they obviously do not know the sadness and pain behind that. They ignore completely that in my country there are children without parents, parents without children because of the war."
Hearing things like this made you feel terribly discriminated against, she said, and seeing these messages in the media encouraged and even sanctioned this stigma.
"I know some people who would rather say that they are from another country instead of hearing those comments."
She believed it was inappropriate for BurgerFuel to use references to the drug war and the trade of cocaine in its advertising.
Menendez March thinks BurgerFuel has a responsibility to play a role in not inciting prejudice and racism.
"An acknowledgement from BurgerFuel that the ad was built upon some pretty negative stereotypes from a war that has cost thousands of lives in the Latin American region would be a start."

• Written by Sarah Murphy

Discuss the comments from the text:









1. "Latin Americans across the world already have to deal with commentary around the drug war and for many Latin Americans who come from violent areas, the drug war is quite close to us."













2.  "Following the election of US President Donald Trump - fuelled by anti-immigration sentiment, particularly targeting the Latin American and Muslim communities - such advertising could normalise some of the negative stereotypes the campaign was built on."















3. "The Latin American community is rich in diversity and has a plurality of voices. Companies should not be exploiting narrow stereotypes for profit's sake."














4. "I don't know why people think that it's funny, or even friendly, they obviously do not know the sadness and pain behind that. They ignore completely that in my country there are children without parents, parents without children because of the war."











5. "I know some people who would rather say that they are from another country instead of hearing those comments."














Gender Stereotypes





1. What are some stereotypes you know of about women?
2. What are some stereotypes about men?

3. Where do we learn these gender stereotypes?









Pierce Brosnan Kia Ad







How does the ad use female stereotypes?









What are the two males in the ad like?









What kind of customer do you think the ad is appealing to?

Image result for manslater



Before watching the clip, predict what it will be about from the picture.


    
After watching:

Do you feel this clip is showing us something that is true about men and women? Or is it stereotyping men and women?

Do you agree?










It's mostly stereotyping women.












It's stereotyping both men and women.














The characters aren't meant to be real - it's comedy!













It makes fun of men and women equally.











It makes a good point.











It's too simplistic.













Related image


It's NOT about the nail







After watching:










Do you feel this ad was stereotyping women and men?



















Discuss the comments:









"This hysterical clip shows us very clearly how important it is to LISTEN when women talk and not try to solve their problems!!!! LOL!"













"The way men and women communicate with each other is very different. Men want to fix things. Women need to be heard. Men need to watch this."















"Don't try to fix it. I just need you to listen." Every man has heard these words. And they are the law of the land. No matter what."














Judging by the 2k thumbs down, there are at least 2k women with a nail in their forehead!










"Rationalism vs Emotions"











"I dare say this video really "Hit the nail on the head" bad dum tish"







Image result for africa for norway

Africa For Norway


Africa for Norway


Watch the video


1. Who do you think made the video?

2. Why?

3. What's the message of the video?




After discussion: here's the text that accompanies the video.


The gaps are adverbs of frequency - can you guess them?


Imagine if every person in Africa saw the "Africa for Norway" video and this was the only information they ____ got about Norway. What would they think about Norway? If we say Africa, what do you think about? Hunger, poverty, crime or AIDS? No wonder, because in fundraising campaigns and media that's _____ what you hear about. The pictures we _____ see in fundraisers are of poor African children. Hunger and poverty is ugly, and it calls for action. But while these images can engage people in the short term, we are concerned that many people simply give up because it seems like nothing is getting better. Africa should not just be something that people either give to, or give up on.



Vocab:


impact based developments truth simplistic address focus


in on on on of to


The ______ is that there are many positive________ __ African countries, and we want these to become known. We need to change the________ explanations ___ problems in Africa. We need to educate ourselves on the complex issues and get more ________ __ how western countries have a negative _____ ___ Africa's development. If we want __ ______ the problems the world is facing we need to do it _____ ___ knowledge and respect. The video is made by The Norwegian Students' and Academics' International Assistance Fund.