Wednesday, September 13, 2017

(Student question) Exactly, absolutely, precisely, definitely....

Hi! I'm Taka.

I have questions about this: "exactly, absolutely, precisely, definitely" - what's different?


Recognize, notice

That's all!!


Hi Taka

1. "Exact" and "precise" are synonyms. The antonyms would be: 

approximate, inexact, imprecise

  • If you add "ly" to the end the word becomes an adverb, but that doesn't change the meaning, just the way we use the word with other words
  • Adjectives simply describe nouns. 
  • Adverbs do lots of things. They describe actions (to speak slowly, carefully, intelligently, precisely, passionately), they modify adjectives (deeply dishonest, extremely funny) or modify whole sentences (Truly, it was the worst film I've ever seen). 
We can often use "exact" and "precise" in the same way, but not always.

For example you can say "I don't remember what happened precisely" or "I don't remember what happened exactly."

But "exactly the same age" is more likely than "precisely the same age".

2. "Absolute" and "definite" are not synonyms. Absolute means "total", whereas definite means "certain and obvious". 

  • Definitely = clearly

"He's clearly had too much to drink" = definitely, obviously, there's no doubt, unmistakably

"He's a total idiot" = he's an absolute idiot. Complete, 100%, he couldn't be stupider. It is obvious, but the emphasis is on the completeness not the obviousness. 

3. "To recognise" and "to notice" are similar - good question.

  • Recognise is mental
  • Notice is sensory

"I noticed that my hand was bleeding" means I saw it.

"I recognised him" means I knew I had seen him before. 

Hope that helps,


Sunday, September 10, 2017

(Intermediate) Trump's First Chakra

Deepak Chopra believes Donald Trump is stuck in the first of the seven chakras. Apparently this means he "thinks with his penis" and "has the emotional development of a 3-year-old."

Guide questions:

What are the 4 'f's of the Root chakra?

What is Trump not capable of as a result of being stuck in the first chakra?

being c____
being in____
has no ______
No capacity to offer _______, ________, _________, or _________

What will be affected if you wear dirty underwear?

What does Deepak see in Donald Trump


What does the presenter mean by "breaking new ground"? And "kicking him in his first chakra"?


Trump's chakra

(Mid to High Level) The Brexit Explained


The Brexit Explained

(Advanced) Policy

Explore the policies to find out what's on offer at the 2017 New Zealand election.

Go here:


Wednesday, September 6, 2017

(Upper-Intermediate) Why sitting is bad for you

Sitting down for brief periods can help us recover from stress or recuperate from exercise. But nowadays, our lifestyles make us sit much more than we move around. Are our bodies built for such a sedentary existence? 

Why sitting is bad for you

Monday, September 4, 2017

(Advanced) Schoolgirl finds four-foot sword in exact Cornish spot where King Arthur was said to have thrown legendary Excalibur

Matilda Jones, aged seven, was paddling waist-deep in Dozmary Pool on Bodmin Moor when she came across the blade.

Read the story: