Tuesday, June 25, 2019

(Student writing) Hand-me-down - by Riko

Do you like hand-me-downs? My answer is no. I really dislike them.

I have a brother. He is 4 years older than I. So when I was a child, my parents usually gave me hand-me-downs from my brother. For example, clothes, ski equipment, bags...

But I especially hated to be given hand-me-down bicycles. However, I have a special memory about it.

When I was 4 years old, I was learning to ride a bicycle. And my first bicycle was of course a hand-me-down from my brother. 
It was blue and was painted with motor vehicles. It looked a bike for boys. I liked red or pink back then, so I was displeased and complained to my parents.

After hearing the story, my grandfather took an action. He repainted the bicycle to red. And my mother made a saddle cover with printed flowers to match his work.

The hand-me-down bicycle turned into the only one in the world, thanks to my family.

To be honest, I don’t remember all this in detail. The thing I remember is feeling deeply satisfied. I have no words to express the pleasure even now. It’s the earliest joyful memory in my life.

As I was growing up, my parents gave me a couple of new bicycles. I liked those bicycles of course, because they were comfortable and stylish. But I’m sure my favourite bicycle will never change.

My grandfather has died now. However, I’ve never forgotten his affection.

Sunday, June 23, 2019

A2.2 Unit 2 Project - Travel Vlog

Image result for travel vlog

Record a short travel vlog (1-2 minutes) about your stay here. 

1. Make notes about the best activities you have done and places you have visited since you arrived here. What have you learned here? What have been the best parts of your stay?

2. Go online and find out a little information about each activity and place:

 • What is it? • Why do people do it or go there?  • Where is it? • How did you feel there?

3. Use your notes to write a short script for your vlog.

4. Check the pronunciation of any difficult words using an online dictionary.

5. Record your short video using your notes. Don’t worry about following the script exactly.

6. Save your video and be prepared to show your video in class.

Watch this short example here, or search online for other examples.

Travel vlog example

Video Transcript: We're at the top of Mount Snowdon, this is the highest point in Wales Welcome to Wales Wales is full of Castles. If you like history, Wales has 100 in tact castles that are perfect for exploring. Off on a lobster safari. Wales has a magnificent coast that you can explore on boat tours and fishing trips. But why not try something new and board a lobster safari in the Northern part of the country. Make sure you check out some of the many hiking trails in the mountains and all along the coast. Wales! Here we go! Heading down there. Cover your face. Oh it's not scary. Go Coasteering in Wales with Preseliventures! Woohoo Had an awesome day today with Preseliventure here in Wales. Coasterring? Oh Man, you've gotta do it. Off I go! Woo Oh yeah, it's so much fun! We had a great time doing the zip line and Via Ferrata course here at Zip World in Wales. Do it when you're here, it's fantastic. Before we leave you, we have one last tip. To visit the strange town of Portmerien, a picturesque village modelled after Portofino on the Italian Riviera.

Student example

Example video by Dang fa, Punch and Alhanouf

(Intermediate) Michael Palin's Top 5 Travel Tips

Image result for Michael Palin's Top 5 Travel Tips

Before listening


In groups of 3, come up with your own Top 5 Travel tips. What helps you get the most out of the experience?

Add these words


Michael Palin’s ______ television success began in 1969 with Monty Python’s Flying Circus - yet he is even ______ known for the travel documentaries he began 20 years later, with Around the World in 80 Days.  Since then there has barely been a patch of the planet that has not welcomed this ______ engaging presenter - whose TV journeys have taken him from ____ to pole, across the Himalayas and the Sahara, and full circle around the Pacific.

“I’ve learned a lot from the world,” he says. “I’ve learned to see_______  from a different perspective, to see the rest of the world from a different perspective, to see our own country from a different perspective.”

He has also learned five important _______ of travel:


Palin's 5 Tips

Note taking:

1. Don't __________

...they want you to r________
....so long as you're giving out some sort of emotional r________

2. Know ___________

3. Write ______

...it's very good to write them down ___ ______

4. Go ______________

Go have a look ___ ___ ________

5. Find _____________

Make sure you have a ________

A2.2 Unit 2: Travel

Image result for whakatane


Read an article giving travel advice
Ask for and give travel information
Describe customs and obligations
Write about travel experiences and give advice


Verbs - especially in the past participle form

24 items (Quizlet)


Present perfect (The "non-exact" aspect of time)
Have to and don't have to (obligations, necessities)
Should (advice)


Make a travel vlog

PPT lesson collocations

Kahoot Review

20 Questions on supplementary language

Saturday, June 22, 2019

A2.2 Unit 2: Cusco (Vagabrothers)

Related image

Learn some vocabulary first:

24 items (Quizlet)


1. Cusco is

A) at the top
B) in the heart
C) at the bottom

of the Andes.

2. Cusco was the Capital of the

A) Inca Empire
B) Aztec Empire
C) The Nazca Empire

3. Cusco is sometimes called the

A) Rome
B) Paris
C) Tokyo

of the Americas.

4. Cusco was conquered by

A) The English
B) The Spanish
C) The Portuguese

5. The Andes are

A) The highest mountain range
B) The second Highest mountain range
C) The third highest mountain range

in the world.

6. The city was founded

A) 600 years ago
B) Less than 600 years ago
C) Over 600 years ago

7. The Incas came along

A) After
B) Before
C) At the same time as

the Parcas, Nazca and others.

8. "Cusco" / Qos'co in Quechua means

A) Earth
B) Navel
C) Navel of the Earth

9. The Inca Empire stretched from:

A) Argentina to Chile
B) Columbia to Argentina and Chile
C) Cosco to Lima

10. The Inca people

A) Paid Pizarro's ransom for their king
B) Refused to pay Pizarro's ransom king
C) Killed their own King

11. After killing Atahualpa, the Spanish

A) Made friends with the Incas
B) Tried to destroy the whole Inca civilisation
C) Went back home

12, The ancient language of Quechua is

A) still spoken throughout Peru
B) still spoken by most locals in Cusco
C) no longer spoken

13. What do the following phrases in Quechua mean?

Amegena caucho


1. Was Cusco and Peru how you expected it to be?

2. Did the video make you curious to go to Peru?

3. Why do you think the Spanish tried to destroy this civilisation?

Image result for inca empire

Listen once more and write the words in the order you hear them:

The golden age
to solidify (to make solid and strong)
sent on a mission
a feast for the eyes
altitude (height above sea level)
living history

Image result for inca empire


1. inhabited
2. foundation
3. conquest
4. living history
5. a feast for the eyes
6. altitude (height above sea level)
7. to solidify (to make solid and strong)
8. sent on a mission
9. artisan
10. artwork
11. The golden age
12. precious
13. slaughter
14. fusion

Image result for inca empire


1. inhabited     oOoo
2. foundation    oOo
3. conquest    Oo
4. living history    OoOo
5. a feast for the eyes    oOooO
6. altitude (height above sea level)    Ooo
7. to solidify (to make solid and strong)    oOoo
8. sent on a mission    OooOo
9. artisan    Ooo
10. artwork    Oo
11. The golden age    oOoO
12. precious    Oo
13. slaughter   Oo
14. fusion    Oo

Image result for inca empire

Thursday, June 20, 2019

(Upper-Intermediate) Why the Moon Landing COULDN'T Have Been Faked

Image result for flat earth society

Who does the woman believe filmed the hoax moon landing in a studio?

Why are the shadows parallel in the photo of the moon landing?

What other evidence is presented to prove the moon landing was not faked?
What is the most tangible piece evidence?

Fill the gaps:

1.The shadows d________
2. r______ together that many at that size, would have...
3. an ________ number of people would have....
4. The Russians, our space race ______, who had ____ reason to prove us wrong!
5. You beat us fair and _____ this time
6. Where's the ________ proof that we went to the moon huh?
7. decades _____ of its time?


Why the Moon Landing COULDN'T Have Been Faked

Image result for How the Fine Art Market is a Scam

Good news, aspiring artists! The world of fine art is manipulated financially AND extremely exclusive!


How the Fine Art Market is a Scam

1. Why do big galleries keep their prices a secret?

2. Why do galleries prefer to sell art to the "art elite"?

3. What two ways of driving prices up at auctions are mentioned?

4. How do collectors drive the price up?

5. Why do criminals buy art?

6. How do collectors determine the value of art they donate?

Image result for red wine

1.Do you drink wine?

2. How can you tell good from bad?


Adam Ruins Wine

Sunday, June 16, 2019

(Pre-Intermediate) How to Train Your Monkey Mind

Image result for train your monkey mind

Listen to the Buddhist monk and how easy it is to tame his "monkey mind" and how you can all add this in to your day to day life:

How to Train Your Monkey Mind

Ted Talk on meditation:

10 mindful minutes

Put this on the back of the toilet door:

Thursday, June 13, 2019

A2.1 Unit 6: Holidays

Aims from previous week continued:

1. Keep working at past simple tense.
2. Keep looking at uses of verbs and object together (i.e. learn a language, get a headache, ask a question etc.)

Collocations from Unit 4

Unit 6 Aims

1. Learn to talk about the future: plans, predictions, intentions, hopes, arrangements.
2. Build vocabulary on the topic of travel.
3. Learn to make and justify choices as a team.

Unit 6 vocab and grammar

(Grammar) Prepositions

Easier (A1/2):

A1/2 prepositions

Writing task:

Describe your country

Some questions:


What is in the north, south, west, east, centre?

Which part of the country do you live in?

Where's the best place to be in winter, summer etc?

Far / near

Which parts of the country are far away from / near your town? Which towns are near the ocean?


Which cities are on a river?
Do any people live on islands?


Which places are by the sea?


Do you have to go through forests or mountains or valleys when travelling anywhere?


Which places are between one place and another place?

Next to / beside

Which places are next one another?


What's at the top of or bottom of your country? What's in the middle of your country?


How do you travel across the country? Do you have to take a ferry across the water to get anywhere?
How long does it take to drive across the country?

Up / down

What's like to drive up or down the coast?


What's you favourite place to go to?


Is there a place that's good to walk around?


What's the first thing you'll notice at the beginning of a trip to your country?

(A2) Silent letters

Image result for silent letters emma

Silent letters





al, ol, ul ??

Tuesday, June 11, 2019

(Advanced) The Internet of Things

Before watching

Talk about this table of contrasts:

Image result for collaborative commons

What is the intention behind this table?

What are the following things?


The Collaborative Commons

Marginal Cost

A Paradox

A Paradigm

Net Neutrality

The brick and mortar world 

The market exchange economy 

Economic theorist and author Jeremy Rifkin explains his concept of The Internet of Things. Rifkin's latest book is The Zero Marginal Cost Society: The Internet of Things, the Collaborative Commons, and the Eclipse of Capitalism.

Image result for collaborative commons

Pre-learn language - Quizlet


The Internet of Things

Take notes under the following cues:

The Collaborative Commons:

The trigger:

A paradox:

The advent the internet:

Initial reaction of industry watchers:

The reason this didn't happen:

A "Firewall":

The 3 engines of the Internet of Things:


Economic platforms of the 19th Century:

20th Century (2nd industrial Revolution)

21st Century (3rd Industrial revolution):

Access of all users to Big Data:


1. "If it (the Internet of Things) keeps its network neutrality, we all have equal access."

Why is "net neutrality" the key to this new type of economy?

2. What kinds of things might become "free" in the future if Rifkin’s idea of The Internet of Things becomes a reality?  

3. What things might become more expensive? 

Language focus: Note the words used in the gaps. 

We are just beginning to ___________ the bare outlines of an emerging new economic system, the collaborative commons. This is the first new economic paradigm to _______ on the world scene since the advent of capitalism and socialism in the early 19th century. So it's a remarkable historical event. It has long-term implications for society. But what's really interesting is the ______ that's giving birth to this new economic system. The trigger is something called zero marginal cost. Now, marginal costs are the costs of producing an additional _____ of a good and service after your fixed costs are _______. Business people are all aware of marginal costs, most of the public isn't. But this idea of zero marginal cost is going to dramatically intimately affect every single person in the world in the coming years in every aspect of their life. 
There's a paradox deeply __________ in the very heart of the capitalist market system previously really undisclosed. This paradox has been responsible for the tremendous success of capitalism over the last two centuries. But here's the irony, the very success of this paradox is now leading to an end game and a new paradigm __________ out of capitalism is collaborative commons. Let me explain. In a traditional market, sellers are always constantly _________ for new technologies that can increase their productivity, reduce their marginal costs so they can ____  ____ cheaper products and ___  ____ consumers and market share and ___  ____ their competitors and bring some profit back to investors. So business people are always looking for ways to increase productivity and reduce their marginal cost, they simply never expected in their _______ dreams that there would be a technology revolution so powerful in its productivity that it might reduce those margins of cost to near zero making goods and services essentially free, priceless and beyond the market exchange economy. That's now beginning to happen in the real world. 

The first ________ of this zero margin cost phenomenon was with the ________ of the World Wide Web from 1990 until 2014. We saw this zero marginal cost phenomenon invade the newspaper industry, the magazine industry and book publishing. With the coming of the World Wide Web and the Internet all of a sudden millions of people, then hundreds of millions of people, and now 40 percent of the human race with very cheap cell phones and computers they're sending audio, video and texting each other at near zero marginal cost. So what's happened is millions of consumers became prosumers with the advent of the Internet. And so they're producing and sharing their own videos, their own news blogs, their own entertainment, their own knowledge with each other in these lateral networks at near zero marginal costs and essentially for free _________ the capitalist market, in many instances altogether. This zero marginal cost phenomena, as it invaded the information industries, _______ havoc on big, big industries. Newspapers went out of business; they couldn't compete with near zero marginal costs. Magazines went out of business. And my own industry publishing has been just ________ by free e-books and free knowledge and information. 

But, you know, the strange thing about it is at first a lot of industry watchers said this is a good thing because if we give out more and more information goods free and people are producing and sharing it free, these freemiums will stimulate people's ________ to want premiums and then upgrade this free goods and information by getting more customized information. I'll give you an example. Musicians give away their music free when they started to see this happen hoping that they would get a big loyal fan repertoire and then their fans would be ________ to go to their concerts and pay premium in order to be there in person. And then, of course, we saw this with newspapers. The New York Times will give you ten free articles a month, freemiums, hoping that you'll then upload upgrade to premiums and by their subscription service. It didn't happen on any large scale. This was very na├»ve by industry watchers. Sure, some people have moved from freemiums to premiums but when more and more information goods are out there nearly free shared with each other, music, film, arts, information and knowledge, attention span is not there to then want to go to the premiums when you have so much available already in the freemiums. 

Finally, share your understanding one by one of each of the expressions below: 

the collaborative commons 

marginal cost 

an end game 

the market exchange economy 


lateral networks 

The brick and mortar world 

The Energy Internet 

The Logistics Internet 

The 3 engines 

Network neutrality 


Big data